There is an increase in work-related pain due to long workweeks and more jobs that require prolonged sitting and standing. 

Repetitive activities, wrong posture, and overuse injuries can all cause pain. You may find it challenging to complete your jobs effectively due to this work-related pain, which can cause absenteeism.

Many office workers express deep concerns about pain because It can negatively affect their quality of life and work performance. The pain may range from minor discomfort to chronic pain. 

There are well-known work-related pains that can make you seek relief from physiotherapy.

What Are The Most Common Work-related Pains?

The three most popular work-related pain are; 

  1. Low back pain; One of the most prevalent and expensive disorders affecting people in industrialized nations is non-specific low back pain (LBP). The yearly estimation is 15-44% of the general population. More than 10% of LBP patients experience symptoms longer than a year. 1
  2. Neck and Shoulder Pain: various studies have estimated that neck and shoulder pain affects about 6-76% of the working population yearly. Women are more often affected than men. You can develop neck or shoulder pain by sitting for long hours at a desk. Improper workstations and stress may also contribute.
  3. Wrist pain: Common among individuals who perform repetitive hand or wrist motions, such as typing or using a computer mouse for extended periods. 3

The Role Of Physiotherapy In the Management Of Musculoskeletal Pain

Physiotherapy is crucial in work-related pain management by providing assessment, treatment, and preventive strategies. Work-related pain can result from various factors, such as poor ergonomics, repetitive strain, overuse injuries, and prolonged sitting or standing positions. Physiotherapists are trained healthcare professionals who can assess and treat musculoskeletal conditions. Here are some ways in which physiotherapy can help in the management of work-related pain:

  • Assessment and Diagnosis: By assessing your posture, movement patterns, and anatomy, your physiotherapist can evaluate and identify the underlying causes of the pain. Your physiotherapist can pinpoint specific muscle imbalances, joint issues, or ergonomic problems causing the pain.
  • Pain Relief and Rehabilitation: Physiotherapy interventions focus on pain relief and rehabilitation through different techniques. These may include manual therapy, such as joint mobilization or soft tissue massage, to relieve pain and improve joint and muscle function.
  • Exercise Prescription: Physiotherapists develop individualized exercise programs for you to strengthen weak muscles, improve flexibility, and correct postural imbalances. These exercises target specific areas affected by work-related pain, promote better movement patterns, and enhance productivity.
  • Ergonomic Advice: Physiotherapists provide ergonomic advice to optimize the work environment and prevent further injury. Your physiotherapist will assess your workstations, recommend modifications, and educate you on proper ergonomics, correct posture, and lifting techniques.
  • Pain Management Techniques: Physiotherapists may employ different pain management strategies, such as therapeutic ultrasound, electrical stimulation, heat or cold therapy, and taping, to reduce pain and promote tissue healing.
  • Education and Prevention: Physiotherapists educate individuals about self-management strategies, such as correct body mechanics, stretching exercises, and stress reduction approaches. They also guide injury prevention and promote overall wellness to minimize the risk of work-related pain.


Work-related pain may reduce your quality of life. And threaten the country’s economy. It is essential to consult with a physiotherapist who can tailor the treatment plan to your specific needs and work environment. Physiotherapy can significantly contribute to the effective management and prevention of work-related pain, improving overall well-being and productivity in the workplace. 2


Collins, R. M., Janse Van Rensburg, D. C., & Patricios, J. S. (2011). Common work-related musculoskeletal strains and injuries: CPD article. South African Family Practice, 53(3), 240-246.

Borhany, T., Shahid, E., Siddique, W. A., & Ali, H. (2018). Musculoskeletal problems in frequent computer and internet users. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 7(2), 337–339.

Prall, J., & Ross, M. (2019). The management of work-related musculoskeletal injuries in an occupational health setting: the role of the physical therapist. Journal of exercise rehabilitation, 15(2), 193–199.

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